Women in Tanzania
Tanzania is a predominantly rural pluricultural and religious society, where poverty is widespread and the mentality of society continues to be traditional in terms of women and gender issues. In fact, although the Constitution prohibits discrimination based on grounds of nationality, tribe, origin, political affiliation, color or religion, discrimination based on sex (or age) is not specifically prohibited by law.
Discrimination is visible in the Tanzanian society
The percentage of girls attending school is lower than that of boys (80% vs. 55% of literate respectively). The strong traditional norms still decide which are the tasks to which women can dedicate, which are generally subordinate positions, so that many of them are illiterate, victims and slaves of their ignorance.
Discrimination is more pronounced in rural areas. The woman participates in the social development of the village, maintains and defends the scarce family assets, cultivating the countryside without access to any other type of work. Men are the ones who decide the moment when the marriage is to take place. 18% of the Tanzanian female population is forced into genital mutilation, mainly concentrated in the Arusha region where 81% of women are practiced. In the Kilimanjaro region the figure is 37%. Although the marriage law of 1971 includes a statement against conjugal abuse, it does not prohibit or impose any sanctions for these reasons. Mainly in rural areas, they choose to have their children at home, which is why the maternal mortality rate in Tanzania is 770 / 100,000.